Biomass and Biofuels
Natural sources for energy production are becoming extinct day by day. The main reason behind biomass energy production is that it can be produced from wood, plant and animal wastes, forestry wastes which indicate that biomass can be produced from those materials that are regarded as waste materials which are again re-used and energy is produced. It will not emit any harmful gases, produces clean energy, abundant and renewable, and reduces the usage of fossil fuels for energy production and also it can be used to create different products. The main reason behind biomass usage is it reduces the emission of greenhouse gases. It is also regarded as a most important renewable source of energy because it can be used as an alternative source for energy production.
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter. It also derived directly from plants, or indirectly from agricultural, commercial, domestic, and industrial wastes. Renewable biofuels generally involve contemporary carbon fixation, such as those that occur in plants or microalgae through the process of photosynthesis.